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Coronavirus – State of emergency and limitation – Slovakia

  • Slovakia
  • Coronavirus
  • Coronavirus - Country overview


State of emergency

State of emergency was declared as of 6am, 16 March 2020 in Slovakia. This regime concerns 22 hospitals in 12 districts, where the new coronavirus occurred, including the districts of Bratislava, Trnava, Nitra, Trenčín, Prešov and Košice.

Coronavirus: effects on healthcare

The government imposed an obligation to work, ensuring the provision of healthcare, on all healthcare employees of the concerned hospitals, i.e. they cannot refuse to provide healthcare. These employees are deprived of the right to take part in a strike during the state of emergency.

At the same time, all hospitals, not only the state ones, are ordered to limit planned surgeries.

Ban on retail and services

Effective as of 16 March 2020, retail of goods and services is prohibited for a period of 14 days, excluding grocery stores, pharmacies and stores with medical devices, drugstores, e-shops, delivery services, postal businesses and banks, and some other establishments.

What is the impact of emergency measures on labour relations?

The situation in retail and service establishments may be addressed from the perspective of labour law by one of the following scenarios:

  • notification of other obstacles on the employer’s part, in which case the employees do not work and are generally entitled to 100% of the average wage
  • order to take a paid leave with the employee's consent
  • appropriate scheduling of working shifts with uneven distribution of working time
  • application of working time account
  • order to work from home
  • agreement on taking time off for overtime work

If the employee has been ordered to quarantine, he/she is entitled to wage compensation as in case of incapacity for work.

In addition to the options stated above, the employer may consider reassigning the employee to another type of work to avert the extraordinary situation in which the employee is entitled to the wage.

Should the employer have employees’ representatives, it is possible to reach a mutual agreement on serious operational reasons, for which it is not possible to allocate work. In such case, employees are entitled to 60% of their average wage.

Production sector

Besides the above mentioned measures, if it is necessary to close or reduce operation due to a temporary shortage in the supply of raw materials and the employee cannot be reassigned to other work, he/she is entitled to wage compensation equal to his/her average earnings.

Effects of coronavirus on catering facilities

The presence of the public in catering establishments and fast food stalls for a period of 14 days is prohibited; this prohibition does not apply to sales out of establishment providing the catering services (e.g. fast-food restaurants with a dispensing window or the sale of take-away food without the entry into establishment).

Therefore, it is not necessary to close canteens. It is possible to dispense food, but persons are not allowed eat it in the canteen.

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