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Coronavirus – Guidelines on “temporary protection” for businesses – Slovakia

  • Slovakia
  • Coronavirus
  • Coronavirus - Business resilience
  • Coronavirus - Country overview


Companies that have experienced negative economic effects due to the COVID-19 crisis, can apply for "temporary protection" in Slovakia as of 12 May 2020 in order to protect themselves against bankruptcy, insolvency proceedings, executions and from the lack of suppliers or contractors until autumn 2020.

Who can apply for the “temporary protection”?

  • a company with registered seat in Slovakia
  • applicable to “self-employed” as well as legal persons who were entrepreneurs before 12 March 2020
  • not applicable to businesses defined by law (banks, insurance companies, financial institutions, stock exchanges, etc.)


  • decided by court (DC Trnava, DC Banská Bystrica, DC Žilina and DC Prešov)
    • no court hearing
    • granted on application (form provided by the Ministry of Justice)
    • legal entities: Electronic submissions only
    • individuals also in person or by post
    • confirmation is issued (whether the application is approved or rejected)
    • publication in the Commercial Gazette (if granted)
    • objections may be filed if refused (decided by the judge)
    • procedural codes do not apply

Conditions for the "temporary protection" granting

  • negative impacts as a result of COVID-19 (increase in liabilities, decrease in sales)
  • no insolvency
  • not in bankruptcy or restructuring proceedings
  • absence of execution from business activities
  • no exercise of the lien on the company
  • prohibition of profit distribution in 2020
  • proper management
  • proper bookkeeping (filing of financial statements)

Effects of the "temporary protection"

  • protection from bankruptcy proceedings:

o suspension of bankruptcy proceedings after 12 March 2020

o protection against bankruptcy filings filed by creditors after 12 March 2020

o the debtor is not obliged to file for bankruptcy in the event of over-indebtedness

  • suspension of execution proceedings initiated after 12 March 2020
  • prohibition of exercising the lien on the company
  • prohibition of offsetting related receivables

Effects on contractors and creditors

  • prohibition of termination, withdrawal from the contract or refusal of performance:

o for the company’s default in the period from 12 March 2020 to 12 May 2020

o defaults caused by the COVID-crisis

o does not apply if the other party would directly jeopardize the operation of its business

  • resting of limitation and other periods
  • obligation of preferential satisfaction of creditors
  • right to preferential satisfaction of certain future operational obligations

Termination of the "temporary protection"

  • after the deadline

o until 1 October 2020

o the government may extend the regulation (up to the end of 2020 at the most)

  • request for termination

o application on the form of the Ministry of Justice

o published in the Commercial Gazette

  • cancellation by court decision

o on the own initiative or qualified initiative of any person

o if the legal conditions have not been met

o the court decides without ordering a hearing